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  • Advancements and Environmental Implications in Oil Shale

    2023.6.28  : This comprehensive review presents a holistic examination of oil shale as a significant energy resource, focusing on its global reserves, extraction technologies, chemical characteristics, economic considerations, and environmental implications.

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  • Mining and Processing Oil Shales for Energy and Petroleum

    2021.2.9  Mining above ground of oil shales requires huge quantities of rock to be excavated and extracted to produce the oil. The quantities vary slightly from one deposit to another, but generally are immense.

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  • Energies Free Full-Text Shale-Oil Development Prospects:

    2019.7.25  Currently, most of the world’s shale-oil is coming from the United States, but more may be needed from non-U.S. sources in order to keep the world price of oil from increasing, and yet a number of petroleum producing countries have yet to develop shale-oil resources. This article investigates why that may be.

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  • Research needs for shale-oil recovery - ScienceDirect

    1981.12.1  Similar studies are needed elsewhere in the oil-shale region. Such information appears to be essential to dewatering operations and for water management. Hence, this knowledge is a necessity for understanding the effect of Research needs for shale-oil recovery 1399 mining on the hydraulic system.

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  • Some Approaches to the Assessment of Shale Oil and Gas

    5 天之前  Area A is located in the northwest of the ST Basin. Oil and gas exploration in this area began in the early 1980s and has achieved great results [].The structurally stable area in Area A was selected as the core work area, and 18 wells were deployed in this area based on production needs, including 12 vertical wells and 6 test wells, and high-quality

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  • Environmental-impact assessment for the proposed oil-shale

    1999.3.1  The oil-shale mining module (proposed for this study) is based on an open-pit (or strip) mine, which is capable of supplying sufficient (amounts of selectively-mined) oil-shale for the integrated tri-generation facility (producing about 8000 barrels per day of shale oil and 600 tonnes per day of the associated MCV fuel gas, as well as having ...

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  • A review on oil shale in-situ mining technologies:

    2024.1.1  Based on the data collected, this paper summarizes the development of global underground in-situ oil shale mining technology, introduces four heating transfer principles and mathematical models of conduction heating, convection heating, radiation heating and combustion heating, clarifies the process flow, as well as presents

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  • Virtual Special Issue of Recent Advances in Shale Gas

    For example, in 2022, shale gas production accounts for ∼80% of total dry gas production in the United States.1 In addition, CO2 injection in shale reservoirs can kill two birds with one stone by boosting gas recovery while geo-sequestrating greenhouse gases.2Therefore, a fundamental and practical understanding of shale gas exploration and explo...

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  • Environmental impact of mineralised black shales

    2019.5.1  open access. Abstract. Black shales are sedimentary rocks containing >0.5% of organic carbon. They host polymetallic deposits which have been mined for Cu, Ni, Zn, Mn, P, Mo, V, U, Au and PGE (platinum group elements). Even sub-economic occurrences provide potential risk of acid rock drainage when exposed to oxic surface

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  • Oil Shale - National Geographic Society

    2023.10.19  Oil shale is a type of sedimentary rock that is rich in kerogen. Kerogen is a part of rock that breaks down and releases hydrocarbons when heated. Hydrocarbons are substances made entirely

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  • needs for a shale mining plant

    Mining and Processing Oil Shales for Energy and .. Feb 09 2021 It needs to be mentioned here that there is a difference between shale oil and oil oil shales have not yet generated oil naturally and therefore have to be heated at high temperature to create artificially oil generation Fig shale oil has past the oil and gas generation stage naturally but has

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  • Shale Masindi - Senior Mining Consultant - Deswik LinkedIn

    Senior Mining Consultant at Deswik Experience: Deswik Education: University of the Witwatersrand Location: South Africa 500+ connections on LinkedIn. View Shale Masindi’s profile on LinkedIn, a professional community of 1 billion members. ... plant needs and fluctuations to ensure production targets are reached.

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  • Oil Shale - National Geographic Society

    2023.10.19  Oil shale is a type of sedimentary rock that is rich in kerogen. Kerogen is a part of rock that breaks down and releases hydrocarbons when heated. Hydrocarbons are substances made entirely of hydrogen and carbon. Petroleum and natural gas are probably the most familiar . hydrocarbons.The hydrocarbons in oil shale can be used as an

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  • (PDF) Public Opinions on Oil Shale Mining Heritage and its

    The students stated that the mining landscape is “the landscape which remains after mining has ended, and that mining heritage is Downloaded by [Kaie Metsaots] at 11:53 06 April 2015 Oil Shale Mining Heritage and its Tourism Potential 9 something that remains for future generations in the form of cross-sections of ground, afforested mining ...

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  • Status, disadvantages, and prospects of oil shale in China: An

    2023.12.1  Oil shale, a carbonate rock, is rich in organic sediments called “kerogen,” which can be converted into high-quality aviation fuel, diesel, naphtha, and other high-value by-products (Chen et al., 2011; World Energy Council, 2016, Biglarbigi et al., 2008).The resources of oil shale are estimated to be as high as 719.937 billion tons, with an

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  • Mathematical Programming Models for Shale Oil Gas

    2023.9.1  The need for computational tools to aid the sustainable development of shale oil gas resources remains high. In the developing world, for instance, strategic investments in new gas infrastructure could make essential energy supplies more affordable, particularly those that cannot be cost-effectively replaced by low-carbon alternatives,

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  • Research needs for shale-oil recovery - ScienceDirect

    1981.12.1  A 1,000-TPD of shale plant operated from 1965 to 1972. Scale-up to about 11,000 TPD is under design. Union Oil Co. Retort A tor processing Colorado shale. ... Hence, this knowledge is a necessity for understanding the effect of Research needs for shale-oil recovery 1399 mining on the hydraulic system. A still more detailed analysis,

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  • (PDF) Public Opinions on Oil Shale Mining

    2015.4.2  This paper examines the valuation of mining heritage and tourism potential for regional development in Ida-Viru County, NE Estonia. The study is based on data from six focus groups and a survey (n ...

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  • Water Free Full-Text Groundwater Environment and

    2024.1.4  To clarify the risk posed to groundwater in oil shale in situ mining areas, we examine five leached pollutants: Fe, Mn, Cr, sulfate, and ammonia nitrogen. Potential groundwater contents of these five pollutants were evaluated using an improved Nemero comprehensive index method and a health risk assessment method. The results show

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  • Mining and Processing Oil Shales for Energy and Petroleum

    2021.2.9  It needs to be mentioned here that there is a difference between shale-oil and oil-shale.While oil shales have not yet generated oil naturally and therefore have to be heated at high temperature to create artificially oil generation (Fig. 7.4); shale oil has past the oil and gas generation stage naturally, but has retained it in cleats and fine fractures

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  • Oil Shale Mining Heritage and its Tourism Potential for

    mining, chemical works and energy production passed largely unnoticed until the 21st century: appreciation of uniqueness and public awareness comes slowly. Findings note that

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  • Enefit American Oil Abandons Lease to Mine Oil Shale in

    2023.9.12  Enefit’s original plans called for building the nation’s first commercial-scale oil shale mine and processing plant on private and nearby federal land in Utah’s Uinta Basin, strip mining hundreds of millions of tons of oil shale rock and churning out more than 18 million barrels of synthetic crude oil every year for more than 30 years ...

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  • Power project in Jordan reaches full operating status

    2023.5.31  The project, which uses local oil shale resources as fuel, cost more than $2.1 billion, including two 277 megawatt recirculating units and support for the oil shale mine, whose an annual output is ...

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  • Environmental-impact assessment for the proposed oil-shale

    1999.3.1  Air, land and water impacts for a proposed commercial-sized oil-shale integrated tri-generation system (OSITGS) are predicted. A preliminary analysis of the processes incurred was conducted to determine the nature and expected rates of various effluent streams emerging from the OSITGS. Mining and the processing of the oil-shale

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  • Estonian oil shale properties and utilization in power plants

    2007.1.1  For example, oil shale provides the main energy needs of Estonia (Ots, 2007), and in Turkey oil shale is the second largest energy source after lignite (Altun et al., 2006). ...

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  • How the mirage of oil shale riches in Utah threatens the

    2023.5.10  The Carter administration created loan subsidies and other supports to encourage oil shale mining, and construction began on a coal-fired power plant to support the future industry. In 1982, the White River Shale company pledged to invest $100 million into the operation and began the construction of a new mine in the basin.

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  • All set for building oil shale-fired power plant Jordan Times

    2017.3.16  AMMAN — Construction on a 554-megawatt, oil shale-fired power plant will start following securing necessary finance for the project, valued at $2.1 billion, announced Attarat Power Company (APCO) on ThursdayAPCO announced that the parties had reached financial closure for the construction of the first oil shale-fired power station

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  • Attarat company signs deal with Guangdong for oil shale power plant ...

    2014.11.2  AMMAN — Attarat Power Company (APCO) has signed an engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract with Guangdong Power Engineering Corporation (GPEC) to construct Jordan’s first oil shale fired power plant, a statement said Sunday. GPEC was selected in 2013 to perform the EPC of the 554 megawatt mine

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  • (PDF) Oil Shale Resources for Oil Production

    2007.1.1  small-grain (from 0 to 25–50 mm) and coarse-grain (from 25 to 50–125 mm) material. Small-grain oil shale is sold to power plants. as fuel (fuel oil shale, FOS). Coarse material goes to ...

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  • What is Frac Sand? And how is it used in fracking? - Black

    Frac sand gets its name from its use in hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”), a completion method used by oil and natural gas companies to produce natural gas, natural gas liquids, and oil from unconventional, low permeability reservoirs such as shale. Basins with high frac sand demand include the Permian Basin, Eagle Ford Shale, the Mid ...

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  • Ecological Restoration and Transformation of Maoming Oil Shale Mining ...

    2023.1.23  Oil shale is a kind of unconventional energy resource with abundant reserves, but its exploitation has a continuous negative impact on the environment, which has hindered the research and exploitation of oil shale under the international environmental consensus on issues such as climate change. Therefore, more attention should be paid

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  • Power production - Enefit

    Sustainable. 2000 MW. It has developed a 554 MW power plant in Jordan with the first production planned for 2019. Through continuous technological improvements, Enefit has modernized oil shale fired power plants built in the 1950s and 1960s, ensuring continuous conformity with stringent European Union air emission limits. Auvere power plant.

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  • Oil shale plant siting methodology: A guide to permits and

    This plant uses conventional open pit mining and surface (Lurgi) processing of the shale. The permitting costs for this plant, including baseline data acquisition and monitoring, exceed $2 million. The second example, a 5,000 barrel-per-day demonstration plant in eastern Montgomery County, Kentucky, is based on open pit mining and surface ...

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  • Numerical simulation of oil shale in-situ exploration

    2024.2.1  1. Introduction. Oil shale is a kind of unconventional oil and gas resources with rich reserves and a low degree of development [1].Due to the increasingly severe resource situation of conventional energy sources such as oil and natural gas, oil shale may become an important alternative energy source and receive attention [2].Currently, there

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  • Mining - National Geographic Society

    2023.10.19  Mining is the process of extracting useful materials from the earth. Some examples of substances that are mined include coal, gold, or iron ore.Iron . ore is the material from which the metal iron is produced.. The process of mining dates back to prehistoric times.. Prehistoric people first mined flint, which was ideal for tools and

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  • All set for building oil shale-fired power plant - LinkedIn

    Published Mar 19, 2017. AMMAN — Construction on a 554-megawatt, oil shale-fired power plant will start following securing necessary finance for the project, valued at $2.1 billion, announced ...

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